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St Philip Evans Catholic Primary School

We live the Gospel message as we worship, learn and play Dyn ni’n byw negas efengyl wrth i ni addoli, dysgu a chwarae

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At St Philip Evans Primary School we teach your child to read using the phonics scheme, Read Write Inc. We want to offer your child the best possible start to becoming independent readers. Children who read regularly or are read to regularly have the opportunity to open the doors to so many different worlds! More importantly, reading will give your child the tools to become independent life-long learners.


We can achieve this together through:

  • Read Write Inc, a program to help your child to read at school
  • Encouraging children to develop a love of books by reading to them daily, at home and at school
  • Giving children access to a wide range of books at school and at home


We have put together a guide to how the RWI programme works together with some useful links.

Mrs Frayling is our Read Write Inc lead teacher, so if you have questions about RWI, contact school who can refer you to her. Please take the time to read the information as it will provide invaluable information as to how you can help and support your child in reading.


What is Read Write Inc?

Read Write Inc (RWI) is a phonics based english programme which helps all children learn to read fluently and at speed so they can focus on developing their skills in comprehension, vocabulary and spelling.  The programme is designed for children aged 4-7. However some children will need to access this programme beyond the age of 7 to meet individual needs.

RWI was developed by Ruth Miskin and more information on this can be found at

How will RWI be taught?

Children will be taught to:

  • Decode effortlessly
  • Spell and handwrite with ease
  • Read with fluency and expression
  • Comprehend what they read
  • Write confidently using oral rehearsal
  • Work effectively with a partner to articulate their learning at every step.

All children are assessed regularly by our RWI lead teacher and the reading team. 



In Reception all children will learn how to ‘read’ the sounds in words and how those sounds can be written down. 



The children:

  • learn 44 sounds and the corresponding letters/letter groups using simple picture prompts – see below
  • learn to read words using Fred talk and sound blending
  • read from a range of storybooks and non-fictions books matched to their phonic knowledge 
  • work well with partners
  • develop comprehension skills in stories by answering 'Find It' and 'Prove It' discussion questions 



The children:

  • learn to write and form the letters/letter groups which represent the 44 sounds with the help of fun phrases
  • learn to write words by using Fred Talk 
  • learn to build sentences by practising sentences out loud before they write  



The children work in pairs so that they: 

  • answer every question 
  • practise every activity with their partner 
  • take turns in talking and reading to each other 
  • develop ambitious vocabulary


Year One & Year Two 

Children follow the same format as Reception but will work on complex sounds and read books appropriate to their reading level. Daily sessions of RWI phonics last for one hour. Most children should complete the programme by the end of year 2 if not earlier.


Enabling our children to become:

  • Confident speakers,
  • Fluent and enthusiastic readers,
  • Keen writers

Five key principles underpin the teaching in all Read Write Inc. sessions:  

Purpose – know the purpose of every activity and share it with the children, so they know the one thing they should be thinking about

Participation – ensure every child participates throughout the lesson. Partnership work is fundamental to learning

Praise – ensure children are praised for effort and learning, not ability

Pace – teach at an effective pace and devote every moment to teaching and learning

Passion – be passionate about teaching so children can be engaged emotionally.


Children will be taught how to read as follows:

Before you start to teach your child, practise saying the sounds below. These are the sounds we use to speak in English.


Fred Talk


We use pure sounds (‘m’ not’ muh’, ’s’ not ‘suh’, etc.) so that your child will be able to blend the sounds into words more easily. 

At school we use a puppet called Fred who is an expert on sounding out words! we call it, ‘Fred Talk’. E.g. m-o-p, c-a-t, m-a-n, sh-o-p, b-l-a-ck.


The following video is an example of blending sounds with Fred.


The children are taught the sounds in 3 sets.


Step 1:

Set 1 Sounds are taught in the following order together with rhymes to help children form the letters correctly and instantly recognise sounds ready for blending.


Set 1




Down Maisie then over the two mountains. Maisie, mountain, mountain. 


Round the apple, down the leaf. 


Slide around the snake 


Round the dinosaur's back, up his neck and down to his feet.


Down the tower, across the tower,


Down the insects body, dot for the head. 


Down Nobby and over the net. 


Down the plait, up and over the pirates face.


Round the girls face, down her hair and give her a curl


All around the orange


Curl around the caterpillar


Down the kangaroos body, tail and leg


Down and under the umbrella, up to the top and down to the puddle


Down the laces, over the toe and touch the heel


Down the stem and draw the leaves


Slice into the egg, go over the top, then under the egg


Down the long leg


Down the horse's head to the hooves and over his back


Slither down the snake, then down the horse's head to the hooves and over his back


Down the robot's back, then up and curl


Down his body, curl and dot


Down a wing, up a wing


Down a horn, up a horn and under the yak's head.


Down, up, down, up the worm.


Down the tower, across the tower, then down the horse’s head to the hooves and over his back


Zig-zag-zig, down the zip.


Curl around the caterpillar, , then down the horse's head to the hooves and over his back


Round the queen’s head, up to her crown, down her hair and curl


Cross down the arm and leg and cross the other way


A thing on a string 


I think I stink




The Read Write Progression Chart

Please do not use letter names at this early stage.

Click here to hear how to pronounce sounds correctly.


For more support you can also visit:


Free e-books for home reading and further support:

Children will also use pictures for each sound to help recognise the sound and then form the shape of the sound

Set 1 Parents Book

Set 1 Speed Sound Session- letter 'm' 

Green words

 'Green' words are phonetically decodable words that the children learn to read. They allow children to become fluent readers because regular reading of these words mean that they become familiar and are able to recognise/read them on sight. They can then use their knowledge of these words to read similar words more quickly.

Set 1 Green Word Time Cards

The children are then taught the set 2 and 3 sounds

Resources- Green words set 1 and 2

Set 2 Word List

Set 3 Word List

Click this link for the complete set of set 3 support sheets.

Additional Sounds

Spelling with Fred Fingers

Your child will learn to spell using their ‘Fred Fingers’. They will be encouraged to ‘push’ the sounds onto their fingers to help them hear the sounds in the word for spelling.

Each finger represents one sound:

c-l-ay – 3 sounds for spelling

f-r-igh-t – 4 sounds for spelling


Alien words

Alien words are ‘nonsense words’ that the children must carefully FRED talk and blend to read the word. This is to show that they can apply their phonic skills to unfamiliar words. 

For example: froyg (f-r-oy-g) zewpy (z-ew-p-y)

Red Words:

Red words are sometimes known as ‘common exception words’ or ‘tricky’ words. We tell the children, "You can't Fred a red!" These are words that children will need to learn on sight because they contain parts that are not decodable. For example the word 'the' could be decoded as 'theh', but children must learn the correct pronunciation and spelling. Some of the red words are only tricky until a specific sound is learnt or because people pronounce them differently in different parts of the country.

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